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OHOA Module: An Overview of Deaf-Blindness and Instructional Strategies


Alsop, L., Blaha, R., & Kloos, E. (2000). Intervener in early intervention and educational settings for children and youth with deafblindness. Monmouth, OR: Western Oregon University, Teaching Research, National Technical Assistance Consortium for Children and Young Adults Who Are Deaf-Blind. Retrieved June 21, 2013 from

Blaha, R., & Carlson, B. (2007). Assessment of deafblind access to manual language systems (ADAMLS). Monmouth, OR: DB-LINK, Teaching Research Institute, Western Oregon University. Retrieved June 21, 2013 from

McInnes, J. M. (1999). Deafblindness: A unique disability. In J. M. McInnes (Ed.), A guide to planning and support for individuals who are deafblind, pp. 3-33. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Miles, B. (2003, revised). Talking the language of the hands to the hands. Retrieved from

Miles, B. (1999). Conversation: The essence of communication. In B. Miles & M. Riggio (Eds.), Remarkable conversations: A guide to developing meaningful communication with children and young adults who are deafblind, pp. 54-75. Watertown, MA: Perkins School for the Blind.

National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness. (2012.) The 2011 national child count of children and youth who are deaf-blind. Retrieved from:

National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness. (2007). Practice Perspectives: Children who are deaf-blind. Retrieved from

Riggio, M. & McLetchie B. (Eds.) (2008). Deafblindness: Educational service guidelines. Watertown, MA: Perkins School for the Blind. 

Rowland, C., Schweigert, P. D. , & Prickett, J. G. (1995). Communication systems, devices, and modes. In K. M. Huebner, J. G. Prickett, T. R. Welch, & E. Jofee (Eds.), pp. 219-257. Hand in hand: Essentials of communication and orientation and mobility for your students who are deaf-blind. New York AFB Press.

Texas Deafblind Outreach. (2003). IEP quality indicators for students with deafblindness. Retrieved June 21, 2013 from

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI). 2010). Tactile symbols directory to standard tactile symbol list. Retrieved June 21, 2103 from

Washington Sensory Disability Services (WSDS). (2013). Usher syndrome. Retrieved June 20, 2013 syndrome