Strategy 2: Use consistent methods to evaluate a how well a student understands what he or she is learning
What to Do
- Identify student’s consistent access and response mode.
- Identify methods of assessment that allow the student to demonstrate progress toward mastery of task.
- There are many ways to assess that a student is learning from what they are reading:
- Modify formal assessment.
- Reduce the number of items & answer choices.
- Allow alternate response mode, such as eye gaze, picture symbols, etc.
Assess using same materials, e.g., symbols/text, utilized for instruction.
- Format assessment materials to match the student’s access mode.
- Define observable/measurable progress (what does progress look like?).
- By using the task analysis models proposed by Browder, Downing and others, teachers can document progress in students’ literacy behaviors.
- Determine frequency of assessment and data analysis.
- Analyze data to modify instruction/strategies, if needed.
Things to Consider
- Have you considered whether the student’s preferred access mode may change between subject areas, e.g., Braille for reading/large print for math?
- Are you allowing ample time for student to process questions and respond?
- Does your assessment measure what you are trying to test?
- Have you broken down the task into manageable and observable steps?
Always Ask Yourself