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Touch Signals and Protactile Communication

This page includes information and resources about

  • Touch signals, "a generic term referring to the practice of using various methods of touch on the body . . . to convey visual, social, and environmental information . . . to a person who is deaf-blind" (HKNC, n.d.) and
  • Protactile, a practice and philosophy that emerged from "the realization that DeafBlind people’s intuitions about tactile communication are stronger than the intuitions sighted people have" and has changed the way they communicate, work with interpreters, and live (granda & Nuccio, 2018)


Helen Keller National Center. (n.d.). Touch signals.

granda, aj & Nuccio, J. (2018). Protactile principles. Seattle, Washington: Tactile Communications.


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